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POND INFO
Forest Lake (Nelson Pond)

 
 

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For those who wish to know more about the lake.......

Introduction:

Lake Name and Location Forest Lake (Nelson Pond); Towns of Calais and Woodbury, Washington County, Vermont; USGS Quadrangle Woodbury.
Dates of Field Work June 14, 22, August 6, October 5, 6, 14, 15, 1993
Previous Surveys and Investigations, There was a winter creel census conducted in 1991. All other historical survey records, except for water quality data taken in 1939, were inadvertently thrown out during a personnel change.

 

Lake and Drainage Basin Characteristics

Drainage Area 4.4 square miles
Lake Area and Depth
Area - 133 acres
Maximum depth - 97 feet
Average depth - 55 feet
Inlets The major inlet is the outlet stream from Cranberry Meadow Pond. There are several small intermittent streams also draining directly into Forest Lake.
Outlet The outlet stream flows for about 1,000 feet before entering Mirror Lake (No. 10 Pond). The unnamed outlet stream from Mirror Lake flows into Dugar Brook which flows into Pekin Brook to Kingsbury Branch and then into the Winooski River.
Dam None seen, however, the 1916 biennial report lists Nelson Pond as being reservoired although "small and unused."
Nature and Use of Watershed Mixed hardwood and coniferous forest. The largest inlet stream is mostly comprised of a series of ponds and flowages.
Nature and Use of Shoreline Forest Lake is heavily used by all water-based recreational users, including anglers. There are over 40 camps located along the shoreline. The Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department maintains a boat access area near the inlet and Town Highway No. 46.

Physical and Chemical Characteristics

Methods

A Hach model 36WR water quality kit was used to measure dissolved oxygen. Conductivity values were taken with a Hanna Instruments HI8033 portable conductivity meter. Water quality data collected in 1939 is also presented.

Table I. Water Quality - Nelson Pond June 27, 1939

Depth in Feet Dissolved Oxygen
(ppm)
Carbon Dioxide
(ppm)
pH Water Temperatures
(F)
Surface 9.0 5 7.8 68
10 8.2 6 7.8 68
20 11.2 5 7.9 56
30 10.5 6 7.7 47
40 9.1 7 7.4 44
50 8.2 12 7.0 44
60 7.7 11 7.0 44
70 6.5 13 7.0 44
80 4.7 13 6.9 44
90 2.2 15 6.7 44
94 1.4 14 6.5 43
96 Bottom

Table II. Water Quality - Nelson Pond August 6, 1993

Depth in Feet Dissolved Oxygen
(ppm)
Water Temperatures
(F)
Surface 8.6 73
5 8.0 73
10 8.0 72
15 7.0 72
20 9.0 71
25 10.0 62
30 9.6 59
35 11.0 55
40 8.0 54
45 4.0 51
50 5.0 50
60 - -
65 2.0 46
70 - -
75 1.6 46

In 1936 three additional water quality profiles were taken on the same date at different lake locations. These data samples are nearly identical to those presented in Table I. In 1993 conductivity was recorded at 141µS/cm on June 14 in the lake and 136µS/cm on June 22 in the inlet stream.

 
 

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